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Thursday, July 2, 2020

Pathophysiology of Heart Failure

Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome of ventricular dysfunction Left ventricular failure causes shortness of breath and fatigue, and right ventricular failure causes peripheral and...

Pathophysiology of Hypertension

Sustained elevation of systolic, diastolic blood pressure or both Types Primary hypertension (85 to 95% cases) – unknown cause(Haemodynamic changes, environmental factors) Secondary hypertension – identified cause...
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